Accident analysis: US Airways Flight 1549

Abstract

An Airbus A320-214 experienced an almost complete loss of thrust in both engines. The aircraft was subsequently ditched on the Hudson River approximately 8.5 miles from the site of its departure. Of the 150 passengers and 5 crew members on board the flight, the majority of people on board successfully evacuated the cabin sustaining only minor injuries. An extensive investigation by the National Transportation Safety Board revealed that the accident was caused by the ingestion of large birds into both engines mounted on the aircraft which resulted in an almost total loss of thrust in both engines and the subsequent ditching in the Hudson River. This paper analyzes the events, failures and faults that led to the accident as well as systematic methods that could be implemented to avoid such incidents in the future.

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